In our body we have three kinds of muscle structures: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle and cardiac muscle. The skeleton muscles is attached to the skeleton with ligaments and they make it possible to create movement, to stabalize or prohibit movement in joints. The smooth muscles is mostly present in the walls of hollow organs and passageways. Hollow organs are for example urinary, reproductive systems and stomach. Passageways is the arteries and veins of the circulatory system. The cardiac muscle is in the walls of the heart.
In the legs and pelvis there are skeletal muscles and they can be divided into hip muscle, thigh muscle and lower leg muscle. There are also muscles in the feet.
- The deep hip muscles = originates from the wall of the little pelvis and contains of more than one muscle. These muscles can rotate the thigh bone outwards.
- The hip flexor = has two parts, where one part originates from the lumbal vertebras and the other part from the inside of the ilium. They are fastened on the small femoral neck. The hip flexor goes down the thigh under the groin band and in front of the hip joint.
- The butt muscles = three different muscles. They make up the butts. The largest one is Gluteus Maximus and its most important function is to straighten the hip joint. The other two has as function abduction of the hip joint (abduction = to part).
- Tensor fascia latae is lateral of the hip joint. It goes down the thigh and is not fastened in any skeleton parts, but is woven into fascia latae, which it is surrounded by. This muscle is also important at abduction in the hip joint.
The thigh muscle has a front, a medial and a back group. The front group has the fourheaded thigh muscle, which is the largest muscle in our body. One of the muscle heads is called Rectus Femoris and creates a bending in the hip joint. All four heads are gathered in a broad and thick ligament and that ligament passes in front of the knee joint to the shinbone. The knee cap is partly woven into this ligament. The thigh muscle straightens the kne joint. The muscle that is part of the movement in both the hip joint and the knee joint is called sartorius. The medial group contains more than one muscle and they are foremost adductors for the hip joint (adduction = to bring together). The back group contains of three muscles and together they form the hamstring muscles.
Lower leg muscles
The lower leg muscles i divided into a front, a lateral and a back group. The front group lifts the foot and toes from the ground as we walk. The lateral group takes care of the movement that is important for us, to not trip sideways. The back group is used to stand on your toes.
Important with relaxed muscles
When the muscles are tense and stay there, the skeleton, that is attached to the muscles, is affected. Therefor it is important that you make sure your muscles are relaxed, so that the skeletong can be in balance. As a Cranio Sacral therapist I look, among other things, for the tense muscles, so that I can help the muscle to relax and by that help the skeleton to get into place.