So has the time come for the head and I’m going to use cranio sacral therapy as a starting point. Until the mid 1900’s, the opinion was that the different parts of the skull was grown together. William Garner Sutherland, PhD, filled a skull with dried beans and placed the cranium in a bucket of water. As the beans swelled, the bones of the skull was pushed away from eachother, and this lead to the discovery that the seams between the parts of the skull meet in different angles. The parts meet in 128 different angles och for these angles there is a technique developed by Alain Gehin. At the end of the 1970’s Dr. John Upledger proved that the skull does not grow together during life, and that there are elastic fibres, non-elastic collagen fibres, and blood vessels inside the seams, just like there are in all joints in the body. He also found nervthreads in the seams, that he traced back to Choroideus, a flap that controls the filtering of the spinal liquid from the blood. He draw the conclusion that the driving force behind the so called cranio sacral rythm, is the opening and closing of this flap, which makes the scull expand and retract.
The parts of the scull is: occipital bone, parietal bone, frontal bone, temporal bone, sphenoid, maxilliary bone, mandible, nasal bone and ethmoid bone and the outer ear cavity (not sure about the name in english). Of course we also have the brain, but I won’t go into that here.
There are also the spinal meninges and cranial meninges. They are a series of specialized membranes, that surrounds the spinal chord and the brain. The cranial meninges keep the individual skull bones in place and seperates them from the brain. They need to be strong enough to hold the skull bones together and flexible enough to let the seams move. The cranial meninges and the spinal meninges, consists of three layers that surrounds the brain and the spinal chord. They provide the necessary physical stability, protection, nourishment and schock absorption. Nearest to the cranium is the outer of the three layers. It is called Dura Mater. The cranial meninges is divided into two parts where the outer part protects the inside of the cranium and the inner forms pleats that protects the different parts of the brain. All of the spinal nerves passes through the spinal meninges on their way out into the body. Therefor the effect of the nervsignals can be affected if the spinal meninges is tense och warped. The meninges can lose their elasticity through fever, infections, physical traumas, chronical stress and medication.
The arm contains of the humerus in the overarm, and the ulna and radius in the underarm.The arm also has a head of humerus, an elbow joint, a hand wrist and o joint between the carpal bone and the first metacarpal bone. The head of the humerus makes it possible for you to have a large range of movement in the shoulder, for example as you swing your arms around. Because the shoulder blade can move, the position of the cavity that the head of humerus lies in can be changed. This is part of why the shoulders movement is much bigger, in comparison to if only humerus would move. If we lift the arm to the side, the movement starts at the head of humerus and continues by turning the shoulderblade so that the cavity is turned upwards. It is the movability of the shoulderblade that makes it possible to lift your arm over your head. The elbow joint function as a hinge joint between the overarm and the two bones in the underarm, ulna and radius. The movement between the overarm and the underarm is bend and stretch. The joint is stabilized by strong ligaments, which means that the underarm only can be moved a little to the sides. The surface between the overarm and the radius is shaped in a way that makes it possible to turn the underarm out (thumb point away from the body) or in (thumb point towards the body). The hand wrist makes it possible to move the hand in different directions and the joint in the carpal bone helps with gripping function. There’s also joints in the fingers that is activated when we spread the fingers. The hand consists of a carpal bone, metacarpal bones and fingers. In the fingers there are many bones. I every hand there’s 27 bones.
The muscles in the arms and hands are:
- biceps. The muscle has two heads that goes from the coracoid process on the shoulderblade and a bone process on the shoulderblade. They pass in front of the head of humerus and comes together on the overarm and then becomes a thick ligament. This ligament passes infront of the elbow joint and is fastened to radius. The muscle makes it possible to bend the elbow joint and turn the underarm, so that the carpal bone is turned upwards and the thumb turned away from the body.
- brachialis. Goes from humerus, infront of the elbow joint and to ulna. It makes it possible to bend the elbow joint.
- triceps. One of the heads of triceps goes from a bone process on the shoulderblade. The head passes behind the head of humerus. The other two heads goes from humerus. All three passes behind the humerus, then comes together and becomes a ligament. This ligament goes behind the elbow joint and is fastened at ulna. Triceps makes it possible to stretch in the elbow joint.
- more than 40 muscles in the underarm, where most of them helps to move the hand wrist and the fingers. Some of the muscles in the underarm helps with bending in the elbow joint.
- a lot of muscles in the hand.
Is there anything I can do to relax the arm? Ja, and especially the muscles in the overarm. If they are tense the stop the nerves signals that goes in the arm and hand. I can also hold on either side of a joint and feel the movement of the bones. I’m aware that this sounds strange and if I hadn’t experienced it myself, a lot of times, I would also be wondering. What I recommend is that you are curious, question, test and see what suits you.
Note: I am not always sure about the english names.
The abdomen goes from the arches of the ribs to the iliac crest and the front of the pelvic ring. The abdomen muscles are the external oblique, the internal oblique, the transversus abdominis and the rectus abdominis. Rectus abdominis goes from the chestbone and the lower ribs cartilage, in a straight line to the upper ridge och the pubic bone. It contracts as we do sit-ups. The other three muscles forms the abdomen wall. They make the abdomen wall strong because of their different directions of their fibres and that also stops the organ from falling out through the wall. When the muscles contracts they become a strong defence if you’re hit in the abdomen. Contraction of the abdomen muscles helps with breathing and defecation. There’s also the inigual band that goes from the upper comb of the hipbone to a knuckle on the pelvic bone.
There’s also the abdominopelvic cavity, which is a cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvis. In the cavity lies the liver, stomach, spleen, gallbladder, pancrea, småll intestine and most of the large intestine. Both the abdomens organs and the abdomen wall is surrounded by a membrane that contains of two layers. Between these layers lies the pelvic cavity, that is a liquidfilled part. Because the membrane secretes liquid, the organs can move without any mentionable friction. There’s also something called the mesentry. It is a continuous set of tissues which is formed by the double fold of peritoneum that attaches the intestines to the wall of the abdomen and between the layers lymph, nerves and blood vessels runs.
Looking at it from cranio sacral therapy I can for example see if the inigual band is tight and pulls on the pelvis. By relaxing the inigual band I help the pelvis to move. I know this can sound strange for some, but the techniques I have learned is largely about making the body relax, so that it can move in the way it is created for. Unfortunately, we don’t learn to listen to our body and to understand it, so that we can do things to avoid our body to get stuck. And after all the positive reactions I have seen treating both my own and others bodies, I only get more and more fascinated by how wise our body is and how it adjust itself, if it is given the right settings.
In the chest there are the breastbone and 12 pairs of ribs. The breastbone can simply said be a plate between the ribs. It is made up by an upper part that is the jugular notch, the middle one is the body and the lower part is the xiphoid process. Between the breastbone and the spine, the ribs runs in an arc. The first seven pair of ribs are called true ribs and the other five pairs are called false ribs, because they don’t attach to the breastbone. The chest protects the heart, lungs and other inner organs.
When it comes to the muscles in the chest, we have among others the big chest muscle, the diaphragm and the inner and outer intercostal muscles. The big chest muscle goes from a broad area on the chest and fastens in the overarm bone. It is used for moving the shoulder joint. The diaphragm goes from the upper so called lumbar vertebraes, from the inside of the six lower ribs and from the xiphoid process. It seperates the chest and the abdomen. It is the most important breathing muscle and contracts when we breathe in and relaxes as we breathe out. Over the diaphragm is the heart and lungs and underneath the liver and stomach. The upper and lower intercostal muscles are the muscles that runs between the ribs. Their most important functions are to strengthen the chest and prevent the tissue between the ribs to be sucked in as we breathe in. They are divided into two layers and between these layers nerves passes together with arteries and venes to the muscles and legs.
Cranio sacral therapy: I can feel if the diaphragm is tense and with different techniques get it to relax and thereby help the breathing positively. There are also techniques to get the chests muscles to relax.
The throat contains of 7 vertebraes, that belongs to the spine. As I wrote in the post about the spine, the two vertebraes at the top looks a bit different than the others. The atlas/C1 is the top vertebrae and the vertebrae that the head rests on. The atlas has no vertebral body and is formed as a ring. The vertebral body that belonged to atlas grows, during fetus growth, together with the next vertebrae, which is axis/C2. Due to this, axis has a tooth like process that goes up into atlas and is held in place by a sturdy ligament.
The muscles that exists in the throat are Sternocleidiomastoideus. It is long and goes on both sides of the throat. It goes from behind the ear down to the chestbone and the collar bone. It helps the head to move. If you bow your head forward both the muscles contract, and if you bend the throat to one side, only one of the muscles contract. The muscles pulls the chestbone and the collar bone upward and increase the volume och the chest, when you breathe heavily. If these muscles are tense you can have problems moving your head. If you get paralysis in the muscles you will not be able to lift your head lying down. In the throat you also have the hyoid bone/the tongue bone, the larynx and cartillage. For the hyoid bone you have muscles that are small and exists as upper and lower muscles. They are fastened at the hyoid bone and the upper ones forms the floor of the mouth and goes up to the lower jaw bone, and the lower muscles goes down to the chest bone. They help us swallow, lower the lower jaw and moves the tongue.
Before I do a cranio sacral therapy, I look at how the necks/throats moves. The client gets to turn the head, lay it to the side and nod. I can also feel sternocleidiomastoideus. This way I get a picture of which muscles that need stimulation to relax.
If you feel you have a tense neck/throat, try to lay your hands around the neck/throat and hold there for a couple of minutes. Remember to be easy on your hands. To enhance your body sense, try to feel what happens in your body as you do this.
Today’s post deviates a little from the body, but is important when you want to make a change det benefits your body, and by that benefits you.
I am looking at the Nobel feast with the interviews. What comes to me is:
- The importance of having fun.
- If some test doesn’t give you the result you want, tweek some parameter and try again.
- Be curious.
- Believe in yourself and who you are and what you want to do.
- Good food.
- The ice obelisques at the main table.
- All the intresting clothes that has been designed.
So, how does all this go toward changing your body?
I am thinking like this, as I work with helping people, whose body is pain ridden and low on energy, to change. To be able to make a change when the status of the body feels like 0 och below, you need to feel that the change:
- Is fun for you to do.
- Is motivating you enough so you keep going, even though you may have to tweek it on the way.
- Makes you more and more curious about how your body works and what you can do to make it feel good.
- Should lift you up as the star you are inside. You should feel that you are fantastic who do this for you and your body.
- Good food means a lot for you to make it worth while to maybe change your diet and in that way better take up the nutrition you need to function.
- The obelisques stands for me for a different way of thinking, to try a new perspective and see what happens. Plan and clear, to dare to stand up for something you want.
- The clothes are for me a way to give a voice to what you believe in. Here I want to say: Dare to believe in yourself!
If the change doesn’t have all or many of these ingredients, you will probably not get a change that sticks with you. And for me the end goal is to get you to feel that it is wonderful to be you and that it is lovely to experience life.
A summary of my own experience of being sick as hell is found here.
In the back we have muscles that affects the spine among others. It’s the superficial back muscles and the deep back muscles.
The superficial back muscles are fastened to the upper extremities. We have the trapezius, which together with, among others, the saw shaped muscle (serratus anterior), moves the shoulder blade in comparison to the chest. Trapezius starts from the neck bone and from the throats and breats vertebraes. It is fastened at the collar bone and the shoulder blade. Things it helps to do is to keep the shoulder blade still when the arm is moved, to rise the shoulder blade and to turn the shoulderblade as the arm is lifted over the head. Then there is also the broad back muscle, which together with, among others, the big chest muscle, moves the bone of the overarm in comparison to the shoulder blade. The broad back muscle starts from a broad area on the back, the area is, very simplified, from the end of the back to underneath the shoulderblades. It forms the shoulder harnesses and is fastened at the bone of the overarm. The muscle moves the arms up and down (think of skiing and when they only uses their arms).
The deep back muscles is situated underneath the superficial back muscles and they move the back and the chest. The erector spinae, or spinal extensors, is the biggest one of these muscles. It is situated on either sides of the spine and starts from the hip and processes over most of the spine. It is fastened at processes at the backs side of the ribs. Apart from erector spinae, there are also multiple small deep back muscles. Together the deep back muscles straightens the spine, turns it and bends it to the side. They also create nodding movements, turns the head and bends the head to the side.
Something to ponder about: What do you think happens if a muscle gets tense and kept in a tense state? How will that affect the spine, do you think? And if the spine is affected, which affect will that have on the rest of the body?
The spine contains of a number of vertebrae. As an early fetus we have 7 neck vertebrae, 12 breast vertebrae, 5 lumbar vertebrae, 3 sacral vertebrae and 4 tale vertebrae. Later the sacral vertebrae grows together and becomes the sacrum and the tale vertebrae grows together and becomes the coccyx (the tale bone). The construction of the spine is important for movement of the chest, the neck and the head. The spine also consists of 4 curvatures. The three first curvatures (counting from the neck and down), is important for the spines ability to act as a spring and when it is burdened with the weight, it gives after better than if the spine would have been straight. The last curvature is mostly important for women that gives birth. The curvatures develops as we grow as small children and lift our head and then rise and stand up.
The vertebrae contains the vertebral body and the vertebral arch and the vertebral bodies are connected with so called intervertebral discs. The discs consists of a soft mass that are surrounded by a ring of fibrocartilage. This admits some spring movement and small movements between the vertebraes. The bone marrow and the roots of the nerves is situated inside a vertebrae canal, that is surronded by the vertebrae arches. The muscles and ligaments are fastened in the vertebral arches processes.
If we look at the vertebraes, the two vertebraes at the top looks a bit different than the others. The atlas/C1 is the top vertebrae and the vertebrae that the head rests on. The atlas has no vertebral body and is formed as a ring. The vertebral body that belonged to atlas grows, during fetus growth, together with the next vertebrae, which is axis/C2. Due to this, axis has a tooth like process that goes up into atlas and is held in place by a sturdy ligament.
Skoliosis is when the spine is bent to one side and can appear if the vertebrae is bent or if the legs are of different length.
With cranio sacral therapy I have, during 5 years, treated my mother for her bent spine. Her spine went every direction it culd, she was in pain, there was a 4 cm difference between her sides and she could not get her head down on the ground lying down. After about 2,5 years wit treatment once a month, her spine was considerably straighter and she could get her head down on the ground. After 5 years, there are a little bit left to straighten, but she is no longer in pain and she walks straighter. As a bonus, her problems with her intestines has improved dramatically and her once white hair is starting to turn black again. I asked my former hair dresser if it really is possible to get your hair colour back once it has turned all white. She said that when the body have circulation problems, the first thing it does is to turn off the nourishment to the dead material, like the hair, and as the circulation improves it can get nourishment back to the hair again. To see my moms development has only made me more interested to understand the body.
I found Daniel G. Amens book as I took a course in Cranio Sacral Therapy and we were being taught how to change the brain with our hands and intention. I am going to give you a little bit from that course, because this is a big area. Daniel G. Amen says: ”Your brain is the hardware of your soul. It is the hardware of your very essence as a human being. You cannot be who you really want to be unless your brain works right.”
Amen defines 5 different areas of the brain. It’s the deep limbic system, the basal ganglia, the temporal lobes, the cingulate system and the prefrontal cortex.
In the course I took we didn’t only learn Amen’s thinking of these areas. We also learned which element and what defence. Below is a very brief summery of these teachings.
Deep Limbic System
Problematics when unbalanced: Feeling loss of love, depression
Solution: To create good conditions for emotional attachments in relationships and enhance positive thought patterns. Nutrition: Needs fat in order to operate properly. Associated with: Earth and The masochistic defence
Problematics when unbalanced: Angst, fear
Solution: To become friend with and master fear.
Nutrition: Balanced diet. High-protein and low-carbohydrate diet.
Associated with: Air and The rigid defence
Problematics when unbalanced: Aggression, irritation and bad memory.
Solution: Positive experiences and joyfull use of your body (song, music, dance, work-out).
Nutrition: Diet depends on aggression level.
Associated with: Fire and The psykopathic defence
Problematics when unbalanced: Worrying and compulsive behaviour, mental round-about.
Solution: To cut loose from routines and see new possibilities.
Nutrition: Increase serotonin levels.
Associated with: Water and The oral defence
Problematics when unbalanced: Not paying attention and impulsive behaviour.
Solution: To learn to focus and prioritize.
Nutrition: High-protein and low-carbohydrate diet.
Associated with: Ether and The schizoid defence
The questionnaires Amen has in his book is one questionnaire for each of the 5 areas of the brain. You mark it from 0-4 and get a sum for each area, thereby seeing what area is out of balance. If you have 5 or more 3 and 4 in any specific area, that can indicate an unbalance in that area.
For every area Daniel G. Amen has a recipe that you can try out to balance the areas. The summary of these solutions is behind the text Solution below every area above. He also consider medicating can be good with certain unbalances.
He also have a term he calls ANT’s, which is Automatic Negative Thoughts. He says that ANT’s ”are cynical, gloomy, and complaining thoughts that just seem to keep marching in all by themselves.”
The ANT’s are as follows (RED ANT = Paticulary harmful):
”Always/Never” thinking – Thinking in words like always, never, no one, everyone, every time, everything ”You never listen to me.”
Focusing on the negative (RED ANT) – Seeing only the bad in a situation ”Just because we had a good year in business doesn’t mean anything.”
Fortune-telling (RED ANT) – Predicting the worst possible outcome to a situation ”You don’t like me.”
Mind Reading (RED ANT) – Believing that you know what othes are thinking, even though they haven’t told you ”This situation is not going to work out. I know something bad will happen.”
Thinking with your feelings – Believing negative feelings without ever questioning them ”I feel as though you don’t care about me.”
Guilt Beating – Thinking in words like should, must, ought, or have to ”I should have done much better. I’m a failure.”
Labeling – Attaching a negative label to yourself or to someone else ”You’re arrogant.”
Personalizing – Investing innocuous events with personal meaing ”You’re late because you don’t care.”
Blaming (THE MOST POISONOUS ANT) – Blaming someone else for your own problems ”It’s your fault.”
Today you are getting hints on how you can take care of your feet and legs. Below you can watch two ways you can give your feet massage. You can also massage your legs after you have massaged your feet.
You can also have a foot bath and have a couple of drops of essential oils in the water. I like lavender and peppermint. Sit in it for 20 minutes and listen to music, read a book, make a cup of hot chocolate and drink during the bath or do something you like to do to relax.
Stretch your legs by standing on a step and make heel raises. You can also take a big step forward on the ground and stand there for 30 seconds, before you take another big step forward and do another 30 seconds.